Dramatic/Dramaturgic Passions and Medieval Bulgaria

Radoslava Ilcheva.

The analysis is based on 15 dramaturgic works focusing the historic topic, created between 1866 and 1921 by authors of different popularity in the literature life in Bulgaria. These texts have been examined as a single unit with their strong and weak pages, i.e. via the chronology of their plots, they design the dramatic chronicles of our past ages – from the reign of Krum the Terrible until the abyss, to which Bulgaria was pushed in the second half of XIV century. This kind of chronicle has not only homogenized and identified emotionally our Middle Ages, but is still translating the images created by the imagination of the playwrights.

The eternal human passions in their opposition (love-hate, strength-weakness, fidelity –betrayal) play the main role in the created plots. As a whole the reproduced emotions align the individual fragments of the unit, keep them up-to-date, allowing the elaboration of psychological profiles of numerous characters, provisionally classified in categories on the binary opposition principle as the Good Familiar / Unfamiliar Person and the Bad Familiar / Unfamiliar Person.

The commented characteristic features of the above general dramaturgic text are the phobia to everything Greek and the admiration to everything Slavonic – the most important, most typical and most dramatic passion, dominating the stage action and managing the collision. These national characteristics of the Bulgarian historical dramaturgy of the investigated period have also been confirmed by the fascinating "litmus effect" in the drama „Krum, Khan of the Bulgarians” by the Russian immigrant – Count Nikolay Zubov. The drama is not just an external view of the Bulgarian passions, but also a unique attempt for cultural integration considering the national problematic issues.