V. Zarev’s Поп Богомил и съвършенството на страха (1998) is one of the attempts - representative for the contemporary Bulgarian culture – at a revaluation of the heretic tradition of Bogomilism. It is at the same time a noteworthy opinion in the discussion which concerns the Mediaeval neo Manichean tradition in Europe. Zarev’s protagonist is the orthodox priest Bogomil, founder of a gnosis; the author attempts a deconstruction of a heresiarch’s myth, functioning in Bulgarian culture. While subordinating the world presented to the rules of a post Modernist discourse, Zarev is not content with a diagnosis of an inner rift in Bulgarian culture, its being torn between the two incoherent Weltanschauung paradigms (Christianity and Bogomilism) which had supposedly led to the destabilization of the Bulgarians’ moral horizon. For in Zarev’s world of axiological void, the “last word” belongs to the myth of Bogomilism as the forerunner of heretic movements, the hermetic and enlightenment tradition in Europe.